Delving into the Intricate World of Parquet Timber Flooring

Parquet timber flooring, an epitome of elegance in architectural design, has long been celebrated for its sophisticated patterns and artistic value. Originating from the rich cultural heritage of Europe, parquet flooring infuses spaces with an artistic legacy. In New Zealand, Vienna Woods is a pioneer in introducing an array of parquet styles, encompassing the widely admired herringbone and chevron to the more intricate, lesser-known designs.

One of the unique offerings at Vienna Woods includes flooring reclaimed from French train carriages, masterfully reworked into herringbone and chevron patterns by Antique Floors. This blend of history and artistry exemplifies the unique charm of parquet flooring.  The following is an example of reclaimed flooring in a Chevron style.

The Timeless Appeal of Herringbone and Chevron

Herringbone and chevron patterns stand out as two of the most coveted parquet styles. The herringbone design, known for its staggered zigzag of rectangular blocks, and the chevron pattern, with its wood pieces cut at 45-degree angles, offer both versatility and a timeless appeal. These styles have gained immense popularity across New Zealand, competitively priced alongside standard plank flooring. However, it’s crucial to acknowledge that installation costs are significantly higher, often 50 to 100% more than standard planks, due to the intricate laying process required.

Moreover, these styles typically involve a higher wastage percentage compared to standard plank floors, owing to the specific angles and alignments. This aspect is vital for consideration in project planning and budgeting. 

Discovering the Diversity of Parquet Styles

Beyond herringbone and chevron, Vienna Woods presents a world of parquet styles, each offering distinct aesthetics and design possibilities:

  • Basket Weave: Characterised by wood planks that create a square pattern, resembling a basket weave. This style ranges from simple, single-strip designs to complex, multiple-strip patterns.
  • Versailles: Drawing inspiration from the Palace of Versailles, this pattern features large square tiles with interlocking diagonal squares, rectangles, and lozenges, adding a royal touch to interiors.
  • Chantilly: A simpler counterpart to Versailles, Chantilly consists of smaller squares and rectangles, crafting an elegant, woven appearance.  The image above is a good example of Chantilly.
  • Brick Pattern: This layout mimics the arrangement of bricks in a wall, with staggered rows of rectangular blocks, offering a clean, linear look.
  • Hexagon Pattern: A less common design involving hexagonal shapes, creating a visually compelling effect.
  • Mosaic Parquet: An artistic approach, using small wood pieces of varied sizes and colours to form a detailed, mosaic-like pattern with diverse geometric shapes.
  • Bordeaux Pattern: A blend of squares and lozenges, this pattern creates a star-like effect, often found in formal settings.

Each of these patterns embodies a unique charm, aligning seamlessly with the European heritage and high standards synonymous with Vienna Woods’ product range.

The image below is a example of some finishing options with herringbone patterns.  Often dark floors may use brass dividing bars as dividing line and herringbone floors often utilise a “picture frame” or boarder in matching standard planks.

A Journey Through Style and History

Parquet timber flooring is more than just a flooring choice; it’s a statement of style, a piece of history brought to life. With its diverse patterns and designs, parquet flooring caters to every preference, from the understated elegance of brick patterns to the intricate grandeur of Versailles. For those in New Zealand seeking unparalleled quality and aesthetics in flooring, Vienna Woods stands as the gateway to this exquisite world of parquet.

We invite you to explore our range and discover the perfect parquet style to complement your architectural vision. Visit the Vienna Woods website for an extensive look at our products and case studies, showcasing the beauty and versatility of our parquet styles. Embark on this journey with us and elevate your space to a new level of elegance and sophistication.

What is E3/AS1 and How Does it Impact Your Timber Flooring Project?

When planning a timber flooring project, understanding the building codes and standards, such as E3/AS1, is crucial for ensuring compliance and quality. This article delves into the intricacies of E3/AS1, a part of the New Zealand Building Code (NZBC), and how it applies to your timber flooring project. We’ll explore the importance of compliance with these standards, focusing specifically on the relevance of the ISO4760 test for joint permeability in timber floors.

What is E3/AS1?

E3/AS1 is a section of the NZBC that sets the requirements for building elements to protect against moisture. It is essential for architects, interior designers, architectural builders, and homeowners to understand these requirements to ensure the durability and safety of their flooring installations.

The Importance of Compliance with E3/AS1 in Timber Flooring

Compliance with E3/AS1 is not just a legal requirement but also a matter of quality assurance. Timber flooring, particularly engineered oak, which is a specialty of Vienna Woods, must meet certain standards to ensure it withstands moisture and environmental changes over time. Compliance ensures longevity, safety, and a high standard of living.

The Role of ISO4760 in Timber Flooring

The ISO4760 test is a key component in assessing the quality of timber flooring. This test measures the joint permeability of flooring, which is crucial in determining its resistance to moisture and humidity – a critical factor in New Zealand’s varied climate. High joint permeability can lead to moisture seeping through, causing damage over time. Therefore, understanding the results of this test is crucial in selecting the right flooring material.

How ISO4760 Test Substantiates Compliance for Timber Floors According to E3/AS1

The ISO4760 test results can be used to demonstrate compliance with E3/AS1. By showing that the timber flooring has low joint permeability, it assures that the product is resistant to moisture ingress, aligning with the NZBC’s requirements. This is particularly important in areas prone to dampness or in buildings where moisture control is a critical aspect of the design.

Choosing the Right Timber Flooring Compliant with E3/AS1

At Vienna Woods, we specialize in high-quality engineered oak flooring sourced from Europe, meeting the high standards set by the NZBC. Our products are tested and proven to comply with E3/AS1, ensuring that they are not only aesthetically pleasing but also durable and safe.


Understanding E3/AS1 and ensuring compliance through tests like the ISO4760 is essential for any timber flooring project in New Zealand. By choosing Vienna Woods, you are selecting a partner that values quality, compliance, and the longevity of your investment. Our commitment to meeting these standards reflects our dedication to being the first choice in quality timber flooring in New Zealand.

For more information and expert guidance on selecting the right timber flooring for your project, visit Vienna Woods.



  • New Zealand Building Code (NZBC), E3/AS1
  • Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) Guidelines
  • ISO4760 Test Standards

Understanding and Remedying Cupping in Timber Floors

A Guide for Architects, Interior Designers, and Homeowners

At Vienna Woods, we understand the elegance and durability that timber flooring brings to any space. As experts in providing high-quality engineered oak flooring, we are committed to not only offering the best products but also ensuring their longevity and beauty in your projects and homes. One common issue that needs addressing in timber flooring is ‘cupping’ – a phenomenon that can affect both solid and engineered floors. This article is crafted to help our architects, interior designers, architectural builders, and homeowners understand cupping, its causes, and effective remedies.


What is Cupping in Timber Flooring?

Cupping occurs when the edges of a timber floorboard rise higher than its center, creating a concave shape. This is commonly observed in both solid wood and engineered wood floors. Cupping is often a response to moisture imbalance within the flooring material – a higher moisture content on the bottom surface compared to the top.


Causes of Cupping

  1. Moisture Imbalance: The primary cause of cupping is a difference in moisture levels between the top and bottom of the flooring. This can be due to environmental humidity, spills, or moisture from the subfloor.

  2. Inconsistent Manufactured Moisture Content: Engineered floors are manufactured at specific moisture levels. If these levels are not consistent across the layers of the board, cupping can occur after installation.

  3. Subfloor Conditions: Moist subfloors, especially under bamboo or engineered floors, can transfer moisture to the flooring, leading to cupping.

  4. Environmental Factors: Factors such as sun exposure, heating, and air-conditioning can impact the moisture balance in timber flooring.


Remedies for Cupping

  1. Preventative Measures: The best remedy is prevention. Ensure a continuous plastic damp proof layer is installed between the engineered wood flooring and the subfloor. This helps prevent moisture-related cupping.

  2. Re-sanding and Refinishing: In milder cases, re-sanding the affected floor can even out the surface. However, ensure the moisture content of the floor is stable before sanding.

  3. Floor Replacement: In cases where cupping is extensive and other methods are ineffective, replacing the flooring may be necessary.

  4. Environmental Control: Implementing measures like window treatments and mats can help control the factors contributing to cupping.

  5. Subfloor Assessment: Addressing any issues with the subfloor, including moisture and stability, is crucial in preventing and remedying cupping.


Why This Matters to You

For architects and designers, understanding these issues ensures that your designs maintain their integrity over time. For builders, this knowledge helps in delivering durable and high-quality flooring to your clients. And for homeowners, being informed means you can better care for and maintain the beauty of your timber floors.

At Vienna Woods, we believe in empowering our clients with knowledge. Understanding issues like cupboarding enables you to make informed decisions about your flooring, ensuring lasting beauty and durability. For more information or to explore our range of high-quality timber flooring, visit us at

How to Deal with Scratches and Dents in Timber Flooring

Timber flooring, with its natural beauty and durability, is a popular choice for many homes and businesses. However, it’s not immune to scratches and dents, which can mar its appearance. Understanding how to effectively deal with these imperfections is crucial for maintaining the aesthetic and longevity of the flooring.


Understanding the Type of Timber Flooring

Before addressing the repairs, it’s essential to identify the type of timber flooring you have, as the repair process can vary significantly. The two main types are oiled and lacquered floors.

  • Oiled Floors: These floors have an oil finish that penetrates the wood, offering a natural look. They’re easier to repair at a small scale because the oil can be reapplied locally.
  • Lacquered Floors: These have a protective coating that sits on top of the wood, creating a glossy and hard finish. While they’re more resistant to damage, repairs often require refinishing a larger area to blend in seamlessly.

Dealing with Scratches

For superficial scratches, a simple DIY solution can often be effective. You can use a wood marker or wax crayon that matches the floor’s color to fill in the scratches.

For small scratches in oiled floors, treating scratches can be as simples as applying a small amount of maintenance oil with a clean cloth, then buffing until dry.

For deeper scratches, especially in oiled floors, sanding the affected area and reapplying oil may be necessary.

Lacquered floors with deep scratches might require the damaged plank to be sanded down and then refinished with lacquer. It’s crucial to ensure the new lacquer matches the rest of the floor.


Fixing Dents

Dents are trickier as they represent actual damage to the wood. For minor dents in oiled floors, steaming the area can raise the grain, but this should be done by a professional, as steaming a timber floor can damage the protective finish.

In lacquered floors, larger dents usually necessitate the replacement of the affected plank. This process can be complex and might require professional help, especially to ensure the new plank matches the existing floor in terms of colour and finish.

Smaller dents can be treated with wax repair.


Professional Help and Maintenance

For significant damage, seeking professional help is advisable. Professionals can assess the extent of the damage and suggest the best course of action, whether it’s repair or replacement.

Regular maintenance can prevent scratches and dents. Use furniture pads, regularly sweep or vacuum the floor, and immediately clean up spills. Placing rugs in high-traffic areas can also be beneficial.  If the floor has an oil finish, then regular maintenance can ensure longevity.


Online Resources

For more detailed guidance, you can refer to the following online resources:

  1. Oiled Floor Care Guide
  2. Lacquered Floor Care Guide 

Maintaining timber flooring requires knowledge of the type of flooring and appropriate repair techniques. Regular maintenance, coupled with timely repairs, can ensure the longevity and beauty of your timber floors. For extensive damage, professional services are recommended.

Comparing Solid Wood vs Engineered Timber Flooring: A Technical Insight

The choice between solid wood and engineered timber flooring is vital for homeowners and professionals. This article integrates technical details from recent industry manuals to offer a deeper understanding of these two popular flooring options.

1. Composition and Structural Differences:

  • Solid Wood Flooring: Made from single pieces of hardwood, solid wood flooring is known for its robustness and susceptibility to environmental changes like humidity.
  • Engineered Timber Flooring: Comprises a hardwood veneer over a core layer, often plywood or fibreboard. Engineered flooring offers enhanced stability against humidity changes due to its cross-laminated structure.

2. Installation and Environmental Adaptability:

  • Solid Wood: Requires careful installation, taking into account factors like moisture content and subfloor conditions. It’s sensitive to environmental changes and needs acclimatisation before installation.
  • Engineered Timber: Adaptable to various subfloor conditions and can be installed as floating floors. Its layered construction minimises dimensional changes due to humidity.

3. Durability and Maintenance:

  • Solid Wood: Can be sanded and refinished multiple times, extending its lifespan. It requires regular maintenance to counteract environmental effects.
  • Engineered Timber: The ability to refinish depends on the veneer thickness. It typically requires less maintenance and is more resistant to moisture and heat.

4. Aesthetic Variations and Customisations:

  • Solid Wood: Offers a timeless, natural look with inherent grain and colour variations.
  • Engineered Timber: Provides a wide range of aesthetic options and can mimic rare woods. Veneer quality and construction type can influence its appearance and performance.

5. Environmental Impact and Sustainability:

  • Solid Wood: Utilises more hardwood, impacting forests unless sustainably sourced.
  • Engineered Timber: More sustainable, using less hardwood. The impact depends on core materials and the manufacturing process.

Both solid wood and engineered timber flooring have unique attributes and technical considerations. Your choice will depend on factors like installation environment, maintenance preferences, and sustainability concerns.